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The development of sewing machine
Source: | Author:feilingen | Published time: 859 days ago | 439 Views | Share:

World Development:

After the industrial revolution in the middle of the 18th century, the great production of textile industry promoted the invention and development of sewing machines. It is recorded that in 1755, the German registered sewing machine patent in the UK, but there is no evidence. In 1790, Thomas sainty, a British carpenter, first invented the first one-line chain sewing machine for making the shoes with holes, thread and shoes. In 1841, Barthelemy thimonier, a French tailor, invented and manufactured a chain sewing machine with hook. In 1845, Elias Howe also independently invented the sewing machine. In 1851, i.m. Shengjia, an American mechanical worker, invented a lock sewing machine and established Shengjia company. The sewing machines of this period were basically hand-held.

In 1859, Shengjia company invented foot sewing machine. Since Thomas Edison invented the motor, in 1889, Shengjia company invented the motor driven sewing machine. Since then, it has ushered in a new era of sewing machine industry.

In 1940, the Swiss company Elna invented a portable home sewing machine which uses the cylinder type base aluminum alloy casting shell and the motor inside. After 1950, the household multifunctional sewing machine was further developed.

Founded in 1851, Shengjia company was the first company in the United States to produce sewing machines, when the production of sewing machines was second only to the clock. In 1870, there were 69 companies producing sewing machines in the United States. In 1871, the annual output of sewing machines in the United States was 700000. By 1891, Shengjia company had produced 10million sewing machines. It can be said that in a long time, Shengjia company basically monopolized the production of world sewing machines.

After the Second World War, the sewing machine industry in the former West Germany, Italy and Japan developed rapidly. Most enterprises in Europe started to produce industrial sewing machines except those still producing high-grade traditional domestic sewing machines. During this period, Japanese sewing machine enterprises began to produce cheap sewing machines with the help of the government, and sold them to the United States and all over the world.

In the early 1970s, the domestic sewing machine market in the advanced industrial countries has become saturated. Under the condition of increasing labor cost, enterprises have to turn to produce industrial sewing machines. Korea, especially in Taiwan, has seized the opportunity of China and Taiwan, which makes the sewing machine industry rise, produce medium and low-grade sewing machines and put them into the international market.

China Development:

After the world sewing machine industry has experienced the transfer from Europe, the United States to Japan, Korea, Taiwan and Singapore, it has been transferred to China in the early 1990s. At the beginning of the 21st century, more than 70% of the world's sewing machine production has been in China. However, 70% to 90% of the domestic high-end machine market is occupied by Japanese and German enterprises. In the middle and low end sewing machine products, the world sewing machine industry has completed the transfer to China, and the industrial transfer gradually extends to the middle and high-end products. With the increasing competition in the sewing machinery manufacturing industry, the merger and integration and capital operation among large sewing machinery manufacturing enterprises are becoming more and more frequent. Domestic excellent sewing machinery manufacturing enterprises pay more and more attention to the research on the industry market, especially the in-depth research on the industrial development environment and product buyers. Because of this, a large number of domestic excellent sewing machinery brands have risen rapidly, and gradually become the leading position in the sewing machinery manufacturing industry!

In 1869, Li Hongzhang, a representative of the Westernization Group, visited the UK and returned to the country with a gold-plated sewing machine, which was presented to empress Cixi as a gift. At that time, the British media also reported the matter.

The earliest information that sewing machines can find entering the Chinese market is an advertisement. On December 14th, 1872, the declaration published a notice about the sale of garment machines of Jinlong Yangxing. "We have several new sewing machines to foreign countries, each for 50 foreign prices. Please come to our bank to contact us for purchase," the announcement said At that time, the foreign company was selling products from the American winning company, which was then called Singh.

Wang Tao, a famous thinker and political theorist in modern times, once described the machine. His neighbor was an American at that time, and his family had a winner sewing machine. In 1875 Wang Tao wrote: "there is a strange sewing machine in the west, which is a wonderful needle, and it is Qiao jiehanlun. There is a copper plate on it, with double wings, iron wheels under the needle, with foot action wood, wheels rotating, holding silk, and thin needles, and long in an instant. "

In 1880, Shengjia company established Shanghai Feng company in Nanjing Road (No. 446, Nanjing East Road). In order to promote products, the company employs Chinese women workers with high remuneration. After training, they will take them to perform along the street with sewing machines, introduce the operation methods of sewing machines to the public, and soon Shengjia sewing machine became a well-known advanced garment making machine in Shanghai.

For a long time, Shengjia has become a synonym for sewing machines, and it is also one of the western industrial products that entered China earlier. In China, sewing machines were called "iron cars", "foreign machines", "needle cars" and so on. Puyi, the last emperor, once gave her a winner sewing machine to Wanrong. It was still a rare thing in China.

In 1905, Shanghai first started manufacturing sewing machine parts and set up some small workshops for parts production.

In 1928, the first 44-13 industrial sewing machine was produced by Shanghai Xiechang sewing machine factory. In the same year, Shanghai shengmei sewing machine factory also produced the first domestic sewing machine.

Before 1949, the production of sewing machines in the whole old China was very low, with an annual output of less than 4000. At that time, the sewing equipment market was mainly monopolized by the United States Shengjia company.

After the founding of new China in 1949, the sewing machinery industry has been fully developed. The industry has experienced the stage of reorganization and transformation. Public private joint ventures and merger and cooperation have been carried out with reasonable division of labor, forming a number of key enterprises: such as Shanghai cutting, Chang, Huigong, Feiren, butterfly and Tianjin sewing machine factory, and South China Sewing machine factory in Guangzhou, It mainly produces ordinary domestic sewing machines and low-grade industrial sewing machines.

In the late 1950s, the light industry adopted the general and standardized domestic sewing machine, unified the design drawings, improved the compatibility of parts, and made the sewing machine manufacturers increase constantly. And, according to the needs, it developed special purpose sewing machines such as sunflower fan, medical operation, badminton, bicycle tire and cord fabric splicing. According to statistics, there are 56 sewing machine manufacturers in China by 1980, which are distributed in 22 provinces and cities. By 1982, the output of sewing machines in China reached 12.86 million, ranking the first in the world.

By the mid-1980s, with the continuous adjustment of market and consumption structure, the product structure of sewing equipment has developed towards high speed and series based on the medium and low speed industrial sewing machines. The electronic and computer technology has also been widely used in sewing machines. At the same time, China has completed the establishment of the parts supporting system and built a large sales network of sewing machines. Some sewing machine enterprises have introduced foreign technology and digested and absorbed advanced technology.

In the early 1990s, international famous enterprises entered China, and established joint ventures and sole proprietorship enterprises in China.

In the late 1990s, private enterprises began to rise, and the adjustment of industrial structure promoted the development of the industry. In general, six major production areas and bases were formed, including Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shaanxi, Tianjin and Guangzhou.

As of 2004, there are more than 600 sewing machine manufacturers in China, more than 1000 spare parts manufacturers, with an annual production of 14.48 million sets, with a total production value of about 28billion yuan and nearly 1000 varieties. It has become one of the major sewing machinery production countries in the world.